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Aristotle and Nietzsche How should people live their lives Two intellectual figures Aristotle and Friedrich Nietzsche have given some suggestions in regards to this question Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle was more than just a thinker he was a physicist chemist political theorist and much more Aristotle poses an answer that a persons life should be based on and limited by the idea of virtue Virtue is defined as moral excellence righteousness or goodness and vice is defined as evil or immoral practice On the other hand there is Friedrich Nietzsche a literary and social critic who lived during the late nineteenth century Nietzsche declared that man people should be strong and independent like the Superman These two intellectual minds present many of their ideas in their works When analyzed a contrast is seen in the excerpts from Rhetoric by Aristotle and Thus Spake Zarathustra by Friedrich Nietzsche In the excerpt Rhetoric Aristotle talks about the ideals of virtue an aspect that people should live their lives by Aristotle defines virtue as a faculty of providing and preserving good things a faculty productive of many and great benefits Virtue has the following components justice courage self-control magnificence magnanimity liberality gentleness practical and speculative wisdom As the excerpt continues Aristotle describes each of the components with explanations Liberality is do not dispute the possession of wealth which is chief object of other mens desire which means do not be jealous of other peoples possessions Justice is a virtue which assigns to each man his due in conformity with the law By this Aristotle explains to us that justice keeps men in order and under control Courage makes men perform noble acts in the midst of dangers Courage is virtuous component which is useful to others or helps others in needSelf-control is a virtue which disposes men in regard to pleasures of the body as law prescribes which means that self control
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