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The Political Framework Of Islam The political system of Islam is based on the three principles of towhid Oneness with Allah risala Prophethood and khilifa Caliphate Towhid means that one Allah alone is the Creator Sustainer and Master of the universe and of all that exists in it- organic or inorganic He alone has the right to command or forbid and worship and obedience are due to him alone The Islamics believe that it is not for them to decide the aim or purpose of our existence or to set the limits of our worldly authority nor does anyone else have the rights to make these decisions for them These rights rest only with Allah This principle of the Oneness with Allah makes meaningless the concept of the legal and political sovereignty of human beings No individual family class or race can set themselves above Allah Allah alone is the ruler and his commandments constitute the law of Islam Risala is the medium in which Islamics receive the law of Allah They have received two things from this source the Quran the book in which Allah has expounded his law and the authoritative interpretation and exemplification of that book by the prophet Muhammad blessings of Allah and peace be upon him through word and dead in his capacity as the representative of Allah The Quran laid down the broad principles on which human life should be based and the Prophet of Allah in accordance with these principles established a model system of Islamic life The combination of these two elements is called the sharia law Khilifa means representation Man according to Islam is the representative of Allah on earth Khilifa also means that no individual or dynasty or class can be the law the authority of Khilfa is bestowed on the whole of any community which is ready to fulfil the conditions of representation after subscribing to the principles of Towhid
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