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Burundi is the republic of Burundi It is located in the great lakes part of the eastern Africa It is bordered by Rwanda to the north Tanzania to the east and south and the Congo to the west Its size is under 28000 km2 and population is 8700000 Main population is Twa Tutsi and Hutu In the beginning of the twentieth century it was taken by Germany and Belgium Because of the social differences between the Tutsi and Hutu there was a political unrest occurred throughout the region in the middle twentieth century This country is the poorest country in the world They have many HIVAIDS people Most people are Roman Catholic and other people are Muslims On Jan 20 1959 Burundi ruler Mwani Mwambutsa IV requested to separate from the Europe and from Rwanda That time in Rwanda instability had occurred many problems such as massacre of Tutsi by Hutu people So many Tutsi people ran away in the Uganda and Burundi That made Tutsi in the Burundi mad They started to kill local Hutus in the Burundi This side Hutu took power in Rwanda The country claimed independence on July 1 1962 and it was named Burundi After declaring independence from Belgian Burundi joined UN Mwanbutsa was given a name of king In the parliament Hutus and Tutsis were represented When king selected Tutsi prime minister Hutus felt cheated Hutus police started to fight against it They attempted coup and Tutsi army stopped them That was not enough One of the Hutus Prime Minister Pierre Ngendandumwe was assassinated in 1965 Hutus got mad They started to kill more and more Tutsis They wanted to follow Model Rwanda Government could not control it Ntare son of Mwambutsa deposed Mwambutsa Tutsi Prime minister deposed Ntare In 1972 Hutu organization called Burundi Workers started systematic attacks on ethic Tutsi They wanted them to live the country To stop them military started to kill
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