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What were seeing now is demographics which are really driven more and more by immigration -Dough Norris director general of Statistics Canada For the first time in history Canada is facing a population decline beginning in 2010 Population decline this is happening in a decade where both demographic and economic growth is imperative From 1996-2001 Canadas population had a 4 12 million increase in population making it the lowest 5-year growth rate census taken in Canadian history Also during the census it was concluded that the birth rate in Canada is also declining at an alarming rate See Graph 1 For the first time in 100 years the birth rate fell below that of the United States The census showed that about 80 of the 12 million new Canadians in the 5-year span were a result of immigration People are now saying that immigration is Canadas only chance to fill its demographic and economic needs To keep the population of Canada stable a major influx of immigration is required each year Statistics show that Canadas fertility rate is extremely low at 15 children per family In order to maintain a stable population the fertility rate should be around 21 On top of this Canada will be facing a major labour shortage within 5-10 years because there will not be enough skilled workers to fill the job demands A policy analyst speaks of another downfall for Canadas economy when she says This is the generation of people whose incomes and wealth will be required by that proportionately larger number of Baby Boomers once theyve retired Another huge upcoming economic setback in Canada is the aging baby-boomer population By 2035 the percentage of Canadians who are 65 will double from 12 to 25 See Graph 2 By that time there will no longer be enough middle class workers to support an elderly population and be able to fill the already job ridden
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