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Population113828587 July 1999 EstimateClimateVaries equatorial in south tropical in center arid in northHolidayIndependence Day 1 October 1960 Largest CitiesCity population estimated The most populous country in Africa Nigeria accounts for one quarter of Sub-Saharan Africas people Although fewer than 25 percent of Nigerians are urban dwellers at least 24 cities have populations of more than 100000 The dominant ethnic group in the northern two-thirds of the country is the Hausa-Fulani most of whom are Muslims Other major ethnic groups of the north are the Nupe Tiv and Kanuri The Yoruba people Christian and half Muslim The predominately Catholic Igbos are the largest ethnic group in the southeast with the Efik Ibibio and Ijaw comprising a substantial segment of the population in that area as well There are between 250 to 400 other recognized ethnic groups many divided into subgroups of considerable social and political importance The most important ethnolinguistic categories are the Hausa and Fulani in the north the Yoruba in southwest and the Igbo in southeast All of these ethnic groups are further divided on sub-ethnic and clan lines Other important groups include the Kanuri Ibibio Tiv and Ijaw According to Ethnologue the number of first languages spoken in Nigeria are 478 Many languages have regional dialects The most broadly spoken languages are Hausa Yoruba and Igbo Hausa is the major language in the north English is the official language used in government large-scale business mass media and education beyond primary school Divers local languages are used for primary education Few people study beyond primary school and the literacy rate is thought to be around 42 percent Classical Arabic
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