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Industrialisation was a slow transformation that took place in Europe during the first half of the nineteenth century It affected many people and countries Lots of areas of society and the economy improved during this time for example banking transportation and communication all changed for the better Western Europe underwent a period of rapid urbanization Merriman 1996 p669 The population grew so the manufacturing industry had to change and improve in order to keep up with demand Before industrialisation people earned less than they paid for food During industrialisation people began to make up this difference by working longer hours and more days in a year and by women and children also going to work Riley 2001 p261 There were developments before industrialisation which helped to pave the way for the changes of the nineteenth century Starting in the eighteenth century there was a rise in population in Europe This paved the way for industrialisation because as the population expanded demand increased for manufactured goods Merriman 1996 p669 More people started to work in industry and manufacturers began to use bigger factories to increase production There was also more agricultural productivity which was needed for the bigger population There are several ways that industrialisation can be recognised There is often an increase in manufactured goods due to the population expansion and urbanisation This shows that number of people living in towns and cities grew faster than the percentage of people living outside of the main areas of production Merriman 1996 p669 However other historians are of the opinion that industrial production started to take place in the countryside before the recognised beginning of the Industrial Revolution Houston 2001 p154 Developments in transportation meant that it was easier for raw materials to be moved from one area of a country to a different place to be made useful This meant there was an increase in markets There were lots of new inventions which harnessed the power
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