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Cloning a hotly debated subject these days is becoming one of the most exciting breakthroughs in a long time What exactly is it According to the Websters Dictionary cloning is the technique of producing a genetically identical duplicate of an organism by replacing the nucleus of an unfertilized ovum with the nucleus of a body cell from the organism Cloning Animal cloning is really nothing new research has been going on in this area for years It is only recently that animals have been cloned from adult cells This issue is extremely controversial right now especially in debating the advantages and disadvantages of the procedure including ethical issues Cloning although having some disadvantages can benefit the animal production industry along with the human population Dolly a cloned sheep has been in the press for the past year She was cloned by Dr Ian Wilmut and his team from the Rosalin Institute in Scotland Although many individuals thought this procedure was scientifically impossible the team accomplished the task they set out to do Unlike offspring conceived and born in the normal fashion Dolly was the exact carbon copy of her mother not just a likeness Cloning of a more limited sort has been done for many years before Some organisms cloned previously include frogs and mice These were cloned through cells from embryos Dolly was made through DNA of an adult ewe The way in which she was made was especially nice because the scientists could see the adult copy of what they were about to produce Otherwise they would just be taking their chances of what they will get by starting from the beginning with an embryo The exact procedure by which Dolly was brought into this world starts with the collecting of cells in a process called nuclear transfer In the beginning of this procedure cells were taken from the udder of a 6-year-old Finn Dorset ewe and placed in culture to
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