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The Praises and Criticisms of JD Salingers The Catcher in the Rye Ever since its publication in 1951 JD Salingers The Catcher in the Rye has served as a firestorm for controversy and debate Critics have argued the moral issues raised by the novel and the context in which it is presented Some have said that Salingers tale of the human condition is fascinating and enlightening yet incredibly depressing The psychological battles of the novels main character Holden Caufield serve as a basis for the novel Caufields self-destruction over a period of days forces one to contemplate societys attitude toward the human condition The portrayal of Holden which includes incidents of depression nervous breakdown impulsive spending sexual exploration vulgarity and other erratic behavior have all attributed to the controversial nature of the novel yet it also gives readers a critical look at the problems facing American youth during the 1950s and possibly still today The first step in reviewing criticism of The Catcher in the Rye is to study the author himself JD Salinger was born in 1919 and grew up in the fashionable apartment district of Manhattan New York as the son of a prosperous Jewish importer of Kosher cheese and his Scotch-Irish wife After restless studies in prep schools he was sent to Valley Forge Military Academy 1934-36 which he attended briefly When he was eighteen and nineteen Salinger spent five months in Europe in 1937 From 1937 to 1938 he studied at Ursinus College and New York University In 1939 Salinger took a class in short story writing at Columbia University under Whit Burnett founder-editor of the Story Magazine During World War II he was drafted into the infantry and was involved in the invasion of Normandy In his celebrated story For Esm - With Love and Squalor Salinger depicted a fatigued American soldier who starts correspondence with a thirteen-year-old British girl which helps him to get a
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