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Nearly three million people in America suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD and approximately one million of them are children Data shows that nearly 1 in 200 children suffer from OCD which can disrupt academic social and professional progress OCD is defined as an anxiety disorder because people with OCD experience anxiety as a result of their obsessional thoughts and when they cannot carry out their compulsive behaviorsNolen-Hoeksema 2004 People who have been diagnosed with OCD have been found to have low levels of seratonin a chemical that sends signals between the different parts of the brain Therefore making OCD a biological issue like other mental disorders Kreidie 2003 Usually between the ages of 6 and 15 the symptoms of OCD present themselves in males and in females the symptoms begin between the ages of 20 and 29 Nolen-Hoeksema 232 Most people who have OCD try to hide their symptoms from family and friends and by doing so delaying treatment can be dangerous Symptoms vary with the obsession For example a person who always feels dirty will take a shower every 30 minutes to try to keep clean Approximately 66 percent of people who have OCD also suffer from depression Nolen-Hoeksema 232 Treatment for OCD is a combination of cognitive behavioral therapy CBT and setraline a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor SSRI Joquest 2004 In October 2004 Duke University conducted a study of 112 patients between the ages of 7 and 17 who had a primary diagnosis of OCD Patients were randomly assigned to groups that received either CBT plus setraline CBT alone setraline alone or a placebo for 12 weeks In the groups receiving medication or the placebo neither the patients nor the caregivers knew which one the patient was being treated with However patients receiving both the CBT treatment and the setraline knew that they were receiving the active medication In the end of the 12 weeks researchers found that 536 of participants in the
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