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Word Count: 1,630
The primary conflict in Crime and Punishment is the internal development of Raskolnikovs character In Raskolnikovs mind are two contrasting personalities each demanding control over him One side brought out by poverty and egoism is the murderer who kills the pawnbroker The other side inspired by the love of others and his inner goodness is his benevolent conscience which desires to help those around him The conflict rages on throughout the whole novel and in the end Raskolnikovs good side wins over as he accepts his guilt admits to his wrongness and turns his life over to Sonia and God In Crime and Punishment Dostoevsky attempts to portray the complexity of Raskolnikovs mental evolution A primary vehicle for this task is his use of the literary device irony Irony is the contrast between what is said and what is meant or what happens and what is expected to happen In verbal irony characters say the opposite of what they mean In situational irony the unexpected happens Crime and Punishment is abundant with both verbal and situational irony as it instigates the critical turning points of Raskolnikovs development and thus allow Dostoevsky to convey his message that even a murderer can be reformed and purified through guilt and the unconditional love of others Irony is first used in the ramblings of Marmeladov Marmeledov says Crucify me oh judgeHe is the OneHe will forgive my Sonia This statement is ironic because Marmeladov despite being a drunk introduces a primary Christian message of the novel He also explains the irony of his daughter Sonia Although she is a prostitute something considered rather base she will be forgiven by God for she is a very holy person and the epitome of innocence and purity in the novel These two concepts are vital to the transformation of Raskolnikov later in the novel They also convey Dostoevskys strong belief in Christianity and they reveal his value system towards certain humans Situational
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