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Word Count: 1,153
The principal resistance to the French Revolution of 1848 came from former local and parliamentary elites organized in the legitimist and Orleanist parties and from police and judicial administrators and prosecutor many of whom had survived the provisional governments attempt to replace Guizots prefects with republican commissioners The brief administrative revolution had run its course by early May when the extreme Left was defeated in a national elections which brought to power moderate republicans who found willing allies among conservatives in their effort to protect their political revolution from radical democrats and revolutionary socialists Even before the repression of the June insurrections administrative personnel had begun to return to the pre revolutionary routine of prosecuting political suspects and restricting freedom of the press and freedom of association While the legitimists were initially gratified to see Louis-Philippe and the Orleanists punished for the events of 1830 they were no less immobilized than their dynastic rivals by the fear of social revolution In the first days of the revolution conservatives of every nuance were bewildered by the sudden loss of their political monopoly and nervously anticipated a new Reign of Terror Reassured by Lamartines moderation conservatives nevertheless avoided opposing the republic openly and declared their loyalty to the new regime Sine the threat of democracy had temporarily made former dynastic conflicts irrelevant legitimists and Orleanists joined together to hold their ground as the Provisional Government attempted to clear away the features of oligarchic rule By hiding their monarchist convictions these republicains du lendemain hoped to avoid a thorough purge of the administration and to support moderate republican appeals for early national elections Yet the anticipated consequences of universal suffrage republican judicial administrative and social reforms and the financial crisis of 1848 soon turned early passivity into a concerted effort to mobilize resistance Although the monarchists had lost control of the central government and the large cities they maintained a grip on most rural communes and held
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