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Word Count: 2,118
61-62 1What is the purpose of a pre-sentence report What might such a report contain The purpose of a pre-sentence report is to set out the individual circumstances of the convicted offender The report might contain interviews with the offender and others who may be able to shed some light on the persons past history and future potential 2What factors must a judge consider when deciding upon a sentence Judges often refer to similar cases but are not required to follow sentences imposed in similar cases The judge may also consider the time spent in custody awaiting trial andor sentencing the circumstances of the convicted person and the potential for rehabilitation 3What is a victim impact statement and what is its purpose A victim impact statement is when the victim and others affected by the offence describe the effect the offence has had on their lives It is especially significant for offences such as assault causing bodily harm sexually assault and murder which may have lasting psychological and financial effects on the victim and or the victims family 4a Name the four objectives of sentencing Briefly explain each one Deterrence-something that serves to discourage a person from doing something Retribution-a deserved penalty for a wrong or crime vengeance Rehabilitation or Resocialization-the restoration of a person to good physical mental and moral health throughout treatment and training Segregation-the act of keeping an inmate in prison apart from other inmates b Are the objectives of punishment being successfully met Explain your answer Critics of the sentencing process state there is little proof that any of these objectives are met Studies have shown for instance that deterrents such as the death penalty are not effective in preventing the crime Even the ability of our prison system to segregate criminals has been questioned for prisoners on parole commit many serious offences 5What is recidivism It is a relapse into crime
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