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Word Count: 2,678
Benjamin Franklin coined the phrase American Dream during the early infancy of our country proposing this dream as That pursuit of a better existence and a higher quality of life through hard work determination and devotion While this may be what many of the characters in The Great Gatsby believe Jay Gatsby in particular one critical ideal is discarded in Fitzgeralds twisted refinement of Franklins definition morality It is apparent that Jay Gatsby achieves his wealth and social status through illegal and immoral means such as bootlegging alcohol The irony becomes remarkably stunning when one realizes that the section of Franklins autobiography which outlines his method for achieving this dream is entitled Moral Perfection Fitzgerald presents a dark satire by portraying the immoral Jay Gatsby as an icon for the decay of the dream Franklin proposed and promoted so avidly Fitzgerald masterfully allows the reader watch the evolution of Franklins American dream from its fertilization in the ambition of James Gatz to its dominance over Gatzs life eventually spawning Jay Gatsby Gatz-bye a self-destructive man holding on to a dream that can never become a reality In addition to Gatsbys delusional pursuit of happiness Nick Carraway our narrator suffers from the same addiction to a dream which if made true will never live up to its expectations It is obvious that Nick envies Gatsby hence the title of the novel Nick is in awe of Gatsbys wealth social power and moreover and most of all the carefree lifestyle it allows Nick at the same time he is completely unaware of the illicit means by which Gatsby has gained his wealth Following Gatsbys death at the end of the novel Fitzgerald shows Nicks awakening from his dream to persuade the reader to walk away from his novel understanding the lesson that Nick learns from Gatsbys folly Fitzgerald strives to expose a striking realization that the American dream that Franklin proposed will never be able to deliver
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