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There is an issue that has been conferred upon by philosophers in the past and still so by scientists today This issue is whether heredity or environment plays a greater role in the determining or shaping of an individuals behavior It is known as the nature versus nurture debate Numerous generations before us have deliberated on the reasons behind the development of human behavior There have been many theories formulated to explain why humans behave the way they do The surviving theories for behavior derive from physiological and sociological explanations However the two explanations have not always been compatible with each other The famous nature vs nurture debate over human behavior resulted from conflicting views between proponents of the physiological nature and sociological nurture explanations Throughout history research has swayed popularity back and forth between the theories Yet theorists have broken down the line separating nature and nurture As of today people utilize both explanations to explore human behavior Way before our time early philosophers endeavored to understand the human behavior As early as 350 BC such philosophers as Plato and Aristotle tried to understand behavior The question of nature or nurture as the primary drive can be traced to these times Plato believed behavior and knowledge was due to innate factors Author Fiona Cowie states The claim that the character of our mental furniture is to a large extent internally rather than environmentally determined found its first substantive defense in the works of Plato Cowie 1999 p 3 Plato theorized that all knowledge is present at birth Plato also believed that the environment played a part in human processes but he thought it had an unique role He believed the environment did not teach people anything new but its purpose was to remind people of information they already knew Cowie 1999 Although Platos views are not supported today he laid the groundwork for other researchers to follow Alternatively philosopher Aristotle theorized a different idea
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