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Why did both Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968 rebel against Soviet Domination The causes for such a massive and all-captivating rebellion which occurred both in Hungary 1956 and in Czechoslovakia 1968 originated most from deep-rooted antagonism towards Soviet domination in the Eastern Europe in the post-war era A continuous political and cultural suppression by Soviet dictatorial policies obviously linked with economic constraints coalesced to provoke robust insurrections Short-term reasons are of no less importance in the analysis of these events In the case of Hungary Khrushchevs speech on the 20th Part Congress - which discredited Stalinist rule and encouraged a policy of diversion - played a significant role in the development of Hungarian resistance While observing events in Czechoslovakia the role of Dubceks government should be emphasized since it was their new program which raised a significant enthusiasm in Czechs to aim for a neutral course One of the main reasons for the initiation of a certain alienation process in Hungary was the brink of an economic catastrophe to which Hungary was brought by its ex-premier Matyas Rakosi in the mid-1950s Since Hungarian economic developments mirrored those of the Soviet Union Rakosi also made a strong emphasis on the build-up of Hungarian heavy industry at the expense of the rest of the economy Likewise Rakosis successor Imre Nagy was to pursue Malenkovs new course which aimed to divert the countrys resources to light industry and seize the imposed collectivization of agriculture The economic relaxation led to a corresponding intellectual relaxation Intellectuals began to discuss not only the nature of the changes in Hungarian communism but also the value of a Communist system society commenced debating on the possibility of achieving democracy in a Communist state Nagys plans were cut short by the fall of his Soviet Protector Malenkov in February 1955 Rakosi seized the opportunity to regain leadership over both the state and the party re-instituting a Stalinist hard line
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