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The reasons why the colonists rebelled against the British in 1776 were many Unfair taxation violations of human rights changes in the British military policies and a long legacy of both religious and political ideas prompted the colonists to break away from British rule and declare their own independence Taxation was clearly one of the major factors that led to the colonists rebellion In 1763 George Grenville became the prime minister of England While in office he noticed that England was spending four times more in the colonies than it collected from them Also England was in debt due to the French and Indian war He felt taxes should be collected from the colonists He passed the Sugar Act in 1764 which put a tax on foreign sugar and molasses He also set up the Stamp Act in 1765 that required the colonists to purchase stamps for anything written or printed on paper The Townshend Acts also put a tax on glass lead tea paper and dyes The colonists were not pleased with these new taxes Before the British policy was one of salutary neglect which meant that they left the colonies alone and did not interfere with their affairs Now not only were the colonists being taxed but they were also not fairly represented in Parliament Colonists declared No taxation without representation The British argued that they were given virtual representation in the government which did not sit well with the colonists Some merchants even boycotted British goods to show their opposition to the new taxes Protest groups such as the Sons of Liberty were formed In order to stop the Tea Act which had made the British East India Tea Company a monopoly the Sons of Liberty went aboard the British ships and dumped 90000 lbs of tea into the water In response to this bold act the British passed the Coercive Acts which were renamed the Intolerable Acts These
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