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Word Count: 504
The reconstruction of the south was the period during and after the Civil War where several different groups in the government tried to solve the economic political and social problems that arose as a result of the Civil War It was a time of disorder and chaos Southern whites rejected all forms of equality and blacks wanted nothing but full freedom and land of their own This led to frequent and inevitable riots Reconstruction lasted from 1865 to 1877 and was one of the most controversial periods in the nationshistory People still debate its successes and failuresMany people blames Reconstruction failure on black politics calling it Negro government Even some newspapers that were in favor of Reconstruction blamed the black legislatures Foner wrote Ironically even as racism waned as an explicit component of the Northern Democratic appeal it gained a hold on respectable Republican opinion as a convenient explanation for Reconstructions failure Black politicians could have been the demise of Reconstruction Another cause of Reconstruction could have been the Courts intervention Foner stated Previously the Court had proved reluctant to intervene in Reconstruction controversies The Compromise of 1877 between the Republicans and Democrats occurring in January of that year was the solution to the contested Presidential election of 1876 and furthermore brought an end to the period of Reconstruction following the Civil WarThe banks could have also caused the failure of Reconstruction to speed up The Freedmans Savings Bank went under with no money to pay its depositors The bank held thousands of blacks Freedman money In June 1874 with only 31000 on hand to cover obligations to its 61000 depositors the Freedmans Savings Bank suspended operationsOne of the main reasons for the failure of Reconstruction was the dropped prices of crops Many farmers and sharecroppers could not live off what they earned The depression caused the price of cotton to nearly drop by 50 Many of the main crops such as tobacco rice
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