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The Relationship of GI Science to GIS Definitions of GIS Geographic Information Systems are a set of tools for storing and retrieving at will transforming and displaying spatial data from the real world for a particular set of purposes GIS can also be defined as an organized activity by which people measure and represent geographic phenomena then transform these representations into other forms while interacting with social structures Definitions of GI Science GI Science is the science behind the technology It considers fundamental questions raised by the use of systems and technologies and it is the science needed to keep technology at the cutting edge It is contributed to by many disciplines such as cartography geodesy and photogrammetry GI Science can also be defined as the study and application of methods for acquisition visualization and analysis of information about geography References httpwwwgisharvardeduAboutGIShtml httpfacultywashingtonedugeog460newdefhtml httpwwwncgiaucsbedugisccunitsu002u002html httpwwwterravivanethqggghtml GI Science has developed as a tool of Geographic Information Systems GI Science was first thought of in 1992 by Goodchild Since 1992 it has evolved considerably One of the reasons GI Science was created was because of the automated processing of information this was the computers that enabled the creation of information systems Also GI Science can be regarded as the study of the fundamental issues concerning geographic information and due to the complex nature of Geographic Information it can be said that GI Science is even more necessary So the existence of Geographic Information Systems force the development of GI Science Geographic Information Systems first started to evolve in the 1960s and have been evolving rapidly since The main reason for their development was to deal with management resource problems all over the world The development of these GIS could only really get going though with the development of computers and of course with satellite development and the increasing number that were being put into space GI
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