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Introduction It is very important for a translator to know the relationships of language culture and translation In the essay I discuss them What is language Language is the characteristic of human being Animals language is only a stimulus-bound which cant compare with mans language in expressing functions and complexity Linguistic ability is a special ability which was obtained by long biological envolution Physiologist proved that there is a nervous system controlling the language When a child is seven or eight years old his nervous system of human language lateralized In general nervous system of human language is in left side of brain except left-nimbled persons whose linguistic systems are perhaps in right brain Animals cant learn human language because they have no physiological base of linguistic ability Therefore man needs linguistic environment in order to obtain linguistic ability When a baby was bore if he lived in seclusion he would never learn language Learning language has a key period He cant master the language if he loses the good period Many experiments have been proved the fact So language possesses social phenomenon of special physiological base Language can mean two fundamental things both of which arte intimately linked to culture through what it says or what refers to as an encoded sign semantic and through what it does as an action in contextpragmatics The crucial feature that distinguishes humans from animals is humans capacity to create signs that mediate between them and their environment Signs establish between words and things various semantic relations of denotation connotation or iconicity that give general meaning to world In addition signs establish semantic relations with other signs in the direct environment of verbal exchange or in the historical context of a discourse community The creation of meaning through signs is not arbitrary but is rather guided by the human desire for recognition influence power and the general motivation for social and cultural survival Since meaning is encoded in
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