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Charles et Secondat Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu Charles de Secondat Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu was born in 1689 to a French noble family His family tree could be traced 350 years which in his view made its name neither good nor bad The Encyclopedia of Social Sciences p 68 Montesquieus views started to be shaped at a very early age A beggar was chosen to be his godfather to remind him of his obligations to the poor Montesquieus education started at the age of 11 when he was sent to Juilly a school maintained by the Congregation of the Oratory From 1705 to 1709 he studied law in Bordeaux From 1705 to 1709 he was a legal apprentice in Paris There he came to know some of the most advanced thinkers of his time Fredet the Abbe Lama and BoulainvilliersIbid In 1716 Montesquieu got a seat of president a mortier in the parlement of Guyenne from his deceased uncle Even though he did not like his job he believed parliaments were necessary to control the monarchs In 1721 Montesquieu published the Persian Letters which he began working on while studying in Bordeaux The book was a success In the Persian Letters Montesquieu showed how relative all of the French values were Even though the technique used in this witty book was previously used by other writers Montesquieu did a great job making fun of the European values At that time he already believed in the immorality of European practices such as religious prosecution The book gave roots for Montesquieus later arguments and ideas When in 1728 Montesquieu with the help of his Parisian connections he got elected to the French Academy he was happy to sell his office of president a mortier In the course of the next three years he traveled all over Europe visiting Germany Hungary England Holland Austria and Italy It
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