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At the moment Britain elects its governments via a First Past the Post system Britain is divided into 659 constituencies and one candidate is elected per constituency on the grounds that he gets the most votes The most prominent advantage of this system is that it leads to strong government However this comes at the expense of representation and is it acceptable that a government can have a majority in the Commons of almost 200 seats having gained under half the votes only 135 million It is this question that gives rise to the issue of electoral reform If there is to be a reformation of the electoral system its soul purpose is to remedy the shortcomings of First Past the Post The most important of these is its low level of representation which has effectively made Britain a two party state In fact 312 of 659 current MPs won their seats with fewer than 50 of the vote 155 of these received under 40 Furthermore smaller parties with support that is evenly geographically distributed are greatly under-represented as it is almost impossible for them to gain enough votes in a single constituency to win a seat Because of this a reasonably significant proportion of the electorate those that support extreme parties are effectively disenfranchised as it is highly unlikely that their votes under the current system will have an impact on an election outcome Therefore it is essential that a new system leads to less wasted votes currently at a level of about 70 and also reduces the disproportionate power and representation of the two main parties To add to this under First Past the Post party splits lead effectively to electoral death The Liberal democrats are still recovering from theirs which happened during the First World
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