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sketch of Guild Socialism The Factory to the Workers the Mine to the Miners -- and the dust to the dustmen I suppose -- Beatrice Webb What then is essential to Guild Socialism Certainly one essential is representative democracy but representative democracy in a rather specific form functional pluralism It follows that there must be in the Societyas many separately elected groups of representatives as there are distinct essential groups of functions to be performed p 33 Each factoryworkshop mine etc defines one such group and so must have its own representative council and internal autonomy The administration of an industry is to be a federation of such groups -- in some cases a rather loose federation though this would vary from industry to industry and by time and place according to convenience Some industries will need considerable centralization but there is a prejudice for decentralization These federations of factories or workshops are the guilds they in turn federate themselves for the administration of industry as a whole p 124 This federation is not simple however the guilds federate themselves to form an economic administrative body for each each city or rural district the regional administration is at once a federation of industries and of towns and districts the national administration is at once a federation of industries and regions Compare Abad de Santillian Baldelli Moreover this interlocking multiple federalism in industrial administration is a model for society and for the state or commune as a whole In a more ordinary federation an individual is a citizen of only one or another of the constituent states or provinces But this cannot be so in a functionally constituted society The functional groups in society cut across one anotherand an individual is a member at the same time of several of them He is a worker in an industry a resident of a town or district a consumer of this and that and he
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