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Zenobia Queen of the Desert The rise and fall of Palmyra Introduction and Essay Outline In this essay I would like to discuss the factors that lead to both the rise of Palmyra after the defeat and capture of the Emperor Valerian Up until the fall of Palmyra after the capture of Zenobia on the banks of the Euphrates Although theses two incidents dont constitute a specific start and finish point to the story of Palmyra they can act as guides in which to frame the story I will also discuss in general terms the political and economic background of Palmyra and the surrounding regions How the strategic position of Palmyra played a major roll in its importance to this time I will conclude with the ramifications of the defeat of Zenobia and her ally Zaba by Aurelian and the resultant politicalmilitary situation in the Eastern Empire Palmyra Palmyra was a trading nationcommunity near the borders of the Roman and Persian empires Located near the edge of the Syrian desert palmyra prospered by organising guiding and protecting caravan routes for trade across the desert The major routes between Dura Europos and Emesa being the most profitable but other minor caravan routes were equally protected and used The Pylmyrenes were a socially diverse people with both Greco-Roman and Persian influences as well as an Semitic Amorite Aramaic and Arabic background Palmyra is the Roman name given to the city of Tadmor Tadmor is the name given to the city by its indigenous inhabitants and the region of Palmyra was considered in the third century to be the lands from modern Turkey to Egypt Palmyras origins go back to the second millennium BC The city lay
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