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Teachers role in the classroom is to take place of the parents whilst in school They also must take reasonable action to decrease the likelihood of injury to students Queensland teachers union teachers and law 5th edition page 7 Three elements to establish a negligence case A duty of care was owed There was a breach of the duty Damages occurred because of the breach Duty of Care Two points in order to establish a duty of care Should a teacher as a reasonable person foresee the incident Did heshe take sufficient precautions to prevent the incident But first was heshe a legal neighbour The law defines a neighbour as someone so closely and directly affected by my act that I ought reasonable to have them in contemplation as being so affected when I am directing my mind to the acts or omissions which are called in questionLord Atkin often Donoghue vs Stevenson 1932 Two sub-elements to define the neighbour principal- The proximity requirement The foreseeability principle The proximity requirement - 1st element of neighbour principal Physical proximity - relates to space and time Circumstantial proximity - employeremployee teacherstudent Casual proximity - closeness and directness of loss when injury occurred eg mother of boy in car crash she may not have been in the accident but witnessed the extent of his injuries in hospital and suffered Woodgate Black Biggs Owens 2002303 Although this is not an approved standard of stating negligence in modern courts with the current judges it is taken into consideration The foreseeability principal - 2nd element of neighbour principal The court makes judgement on what a reasonable person in the shoes of the defendant should have been able to foresee the result of hisher actions As new cases arise the neighbour principal expands in who is our neighbour Public policy is a defence used meaning it was
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