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Abstract With the application of the renowned Canadian literary critic Northrop Fryes theory of archetype the author in this thesis attempts to analyze various characters such as Uncle Tom little Eva Sambo and Qimbo and some pious ideal Christian mothers in Uncle Toms Cabin in terms of Biblical archetype to reveal the Christianity in this novel and to probe into Mrs Stowes solution to the institution of slavery She hopes this thesis will be of any help to Chinese readers to appreciate this classic novel in a new way Key Words Biblical archetype character Christianity Introduction It is well known that western literature is based on two pillars--the Greek culture and the Hebrew culture In the Hebrew culture there is a book namely the Bible that accumulates its rich cultural heritage Most western authors are influenced by those two literary origins consciously or unconsciously They without doubt also influenced Harriet Beecher Stowe 1811-1896 a nineteenth century American female writer Yet with her strong religious background she tended to be influenced deeper by the latter than by the former Born into a family of religion Harriets father Lyman Beecher was one of Americas most celebrated clergymen and the principal spokesman for Calvinism in the nineteenth century her mother was a woman of prayer who died when Harriet was four years old her brother Henry Ward Beecher was the best known pulpit orator of his times In 1836 she was married to Calvin Stowe a Biblical scholar In a word Harriet Beecher Stowe was bred and lived all her life at the atmosphere of Christianity that inevitably influenced her masterpiece Uncle Toms Cabin Its commonly agreed that Uncle Toms Cabin is an anti-slavery novel In fact it is for the cause of abolitionism that Mrs Stowe took up her pen Yet anti-slavery spirit is not contradictory or incompatible with spirit of Christianity In fact they co-exist quite harmoniously in
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