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Word Count: 1,182
Prior to 1932 the federal government had a limited role in the daily lives of American citizens Aside from the anti-trust legislation of Theodore Roosevelt politics stayed away from the economic arena and provided almost nothing in terms of a safety-net This lack of preparation became painfully clear after the devastating Stock Market Crash of 1929 and the onset of the Great Depression Private businesses and banks failed and millions of Americans were left either unemployed or underemployed1 In response to this tragedy newly elected President Franklin Delano Roosevelt launched what is known as the New Deal The New Deal comprised of works programs and reform and relief legislation transformed the federal government from an uncaring stranger to a close friend Almost a decade later a European conflict would push the federal government further into Americans homes The great effort involved with World War II brought United States citizens closer to each other and the government Both the New Deal and World War II ushered a in a new era of big government that in post-war times manifested itself in an economic boom and a changing face of the American woman and left severe consequences for future economies In his first year as president Roosevelt with the aid of Congress passed a number a legislative acts aiding the victims of the Depression The first of his triumphs was the establishment of the Civilian Conservation Corps CCC2 It provided a job corps public works projects and direct grants for relief to poor citizens Less than two months later Congress also passed the Federal Emergency Relief Act FERA that awarded state and local governments with five hundred million dollars Citizens clearly benefited from the New Deal because they benefited from government jobs and the direct relief that was desperately needed Based on the idea that economic recovery was dependent upon an employed nation Roosevelt developed more legislation to keep Americans working To solve the farmers
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