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Human Resource Planning is a term used by a business used to refer to their HR departments attempts to ensuring that they have the right numbers and types of people available to apply the right skills needed to realise the organisations strategic business plan It is a strategy for ensuring that the organisations human resources will be capable of fulfilling the stated business mission Roberts Wolf 1983 In the latter part of the 20th century managers began planning human resources and not just capital machinery etc The idea of manpower planning became very popular This focused on the supplies of personnel and did this through examining the movements through organisations and through certain jobs But this did little good for the forecasting of labour Managers soon began to dedicate more time to the human side of their enterprises Manpower planning soon became replaced with Human Resource Planning HRP This would provide an approach to forecasting personnel supplies and demands as well as personnel initiatives to help meet organisational needs HRP involves a very large amount of uncertainty It is not an exact science and for that reason mistakes are bound to occur HRP can however help organisations to foresee changes and identify any trends in staffing resources and to adopt personnel policies which help to avoid major problems An effective human resource plan is the bases for a personnel management programme that helps reconcile differences between supply and demand A framework can then be provided to help deal with any possible staffing difficulties that face an organisation HR planning is a continuous process which seeks to ensure flexible resourcing related to internal and external environmental influences Laurie J Williams Management Organisational Behaviour 1999 Any possible future difficulties and problems can be anticipated through HRP When used in co-ordination with consultation and participation of staff and unions HRP help avoid harmful effects to individual members of staff or to the performance of the
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