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Telecommunications for Nonviolent Struggle Telecommunications can play a vital role in nonviolent resistance to aggression or repression as shown by numerous historical examples Yet there has been no systematic development of telecommunications research policy or training for this purpose We interviewed a number of experts in telecommunications to learn how these technologies could be used in nonviolence struggle We report our general findings and list a series of recommendations for use and design of telecommunications in nonviolent struggle This pilot project reveals the radical implications of orienting telecommunications for nonviolent rather than violent struggle Examples Communications are absolutely crucial to nonviolent struggle against aggression and repression The following cases illustrate some of the roles of telecommunications In April 1961 there was a military coup in Algeria then a part of France by generals who opposed de Gaulles willingness to negotiate with Algerian rebels Popular opposition in France to the coup led de Gaulle to make a media announcement calling for resistance In Algeria many pilots opposed to the coup simply flew their aircraft out of the country Many soldiers hindered operations for example by misplacing orders and communications others simply stayed in their barracks The coup collapsed within four days without a shot being fired against it Roberts 1975 In August 1968 Czechoslovakia was invaded by troops from the Soviet Union and four other Warsaw Pact states The reason was the liberalisation of communist rule in Czechoslovakia threatening ruling elites in Moscow There was no resistance to the invasion from Czechoslovak military forces nor from the West But there was an amazing spontaneous nonviolent resistance Windsor and Roberts 1969 Many of the invading soldiers had been told that they were there to smash a capitalist takeover When told the truth by Czechoslovak people many became unreliable and were transferred out of the country within a few days They were replaced by troops from the Soviet far
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