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Cloning And Eugenics Cloning and eugenics are some of the most controversial issues that face society entering the 21st century The increasing knowledge that we are gaining from studies such as the Human Genome Project are giving us the tools that we need to artificially produce living organisms The main issues being debated in this field are whether it is ethically right for us to clone ourselves or is it our place in Gods creation to genetically enhance ourselves for medical purposes A poll conducted in 1997 stated 48 of Americans believe that cloning is wrong It was also reported that 78 of the population believes that cloning is against Gods will These statistics only show the ethological conflicts in society that will prohibit cloning from becoming a widespread experimental science The Science The basics of cloning consist of taking the nucleus of a somatic cell or non-reproductive diploid cell and transferring it inside of an enucleated oocyte egg cell with the nucleus removed This new cell will then when stimulated begin the normal gestation process as if it were a naturally fertilized cell This will then produce an exact genetic copy of the donor organism This has been successfully completed with many types of animals but never on humans do to ethical issues Dolly was the first sheep to be fully cloned on 1996 Following this President Clinton commissioned the National Bioethics Advisory Committee The Myths A few of the initial objections to cloning were either speculative or based on simple misunderstandings such as that cloning would allow for the instantaneous creation of a fully grown adult from the cells of an individual Other fears stemmed from the incorrect idea that an exact copy although much younger of an existing person could be made This fear reflects a mistaken belief that ones genes bear a simple relationship to the physical and psychological traits that make up
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