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Chinese and Indian Cultures China and India have had close connections for many centuries Similarities and differences can be found in many of their cultural aspects Both India and China flourished as river cultures in regions surrounded by mountains They relied heavily on agriculture which was supported by the rich soils of the river basins Witt et al 2001 p443 Looking at the areas of religion and philosophy architecture and music will bring to light some of those aspects and the reasons behind them Religion and philosophy The main religions in India are Hinduism Buddhism and Islam Hinduism and Buddhism originated in India Because the beliefs gods rituals and practices are so abundant it is impossible to explain Hinduism The label of Hindu was given to any native Indian who was not considered Christian or Muslim The basic concepts of Hinduism are dharma reincarnation nirvana yoga and karma Buddhism was founded by Siddartha Gautama He was a Hindu who revolted against certain Hindu aspects Witt et al 2001 p446-448 Gautama Buddha taught the four noble truths that there is suffering that suffering has a cause that suffering has an end and that there is a path that leads to the end of suffering Anonymous n d Both Daoism and Confucianism originated in China at about the same time around the sixth century BC Chinas third great religion Buddhism came to China from India Together these three faiths have shaped Chinese life and thought for nearly twenty-five hundred years Confucianism stressed temperament character and behavior of gentlemen Daoism focused on health balance beauty and enjoyment in the world One dominate concept in Buddhism is the belief in some form of reincarnation The idea that life does not end when one dies is an integral part of this religion and the culture of the Chinese people Witt et al 2001 p469-470 Indian and Chinese Architecture Because of wars and invasions in China few buildings exist that predate
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