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Viky Kayrova The Civil Rights Of Black Americans 03699 As Reconstruction ended an extremely difficult period began for Black citizens In order to protect their civil rights they were forced to rely on state governments Politicians who openly opposed the civil rights of black people mostly controlled these state governments The federal government withdrew from the issues concerning the rights of blacks and the executive and judicial branches tended to support the Southern white position The disfranchisement of blacks that had begun in the South with illegal harassment and violence soon after the war was almost completed by the early years of the 20th century Many Southern states did everything possible to keep black citizens from voting in order to stay in control of the federal government They enforced poll taxes literacy tests and the so-called Grandfather Clause As a result of constitutional changes the registration of black voters in Alabama declined from 181471 in 1900 to 3000 in 1901 Similar action in Louisiana reduced registered blacks from 130 334 in 1896 to 1342 in 1904 Also the change in the constitution of voting rights for blacks in the south resulted in separation of blacks from whites in various aspects of everyday life Blacks were excluded from participation on juries and were refused service in hotels restaurants and amusement parks They were forced to occupy separate sections in vehicles of public transportation and in public gathering places Also black children were required to attend separate schools from whites and the educational system was different for each race By the outbreak of World War I so-called Jim Crow laws that legalized segregation of blacks and whites existed throughout
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