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Jonathan Then History 1000C Essay 2 1The Russian Revolution was a major event in world history aDiscuss one political occurrence and one social cause of the Revolution bDiscuss Lenins role in the Russian Revolution cDiscuss how Stalin influenced the Russian revolution The differences between Lenin and the Mensheviks became sharper in the Revolution of 1905 and its aftermath when Lenin moved to a distinctly original view on two issues class alignments in the revolution and the character of the post-revolutionary regime The outbreak of the revolution in January 1905 found Lenin abroad in Switzerland and he did not return to Russia until November Immediately Lenin set down a novel strategy Both wings of the RSDWP Bolshevik and Menshevik adhered to Plekhanovs view of the revolution in two stages first a bourgeois revolution second a proletarian revolution see above But the Mensheviks argued that the bourgeois revolution must be led by the bourgeoisie with whom the proletariat must ally itself in order to make the democratic revolution This would bring the liberal bourgeoisie to full power whereupon the RSDWP would act as the party of opposition Lenin defiantly rejected this kind of alliance and post-revolutionary regime Hitherto he had spoken of the need for the proletariat to win hegemony in the democratic revolution Now he flatly declared that the proletariat was the driving force of the revolution and that its only reliable ally was the peasantry The bourgeoisie he branded as hopelessly counterrevolutionary and too cowardly to make their own revolution Thus unlike the Mensheviks Lenin henceforth banked on an alliance that would establish a revolutionary democratic dictatorship of the proletariat and the peasantry Nor would the revolution necessarily stop at the first stage the bourgeois revolution If the Russian revolution should inspire the western European proletariat to make the Socialist revolution for which industrial Europe was ripe the Russian revolution might well pass over directly to the second stage the Socialist revolution Then the Russian
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