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Word Count: 1,688
In the time leading up to the civil war many changes were dividing our nation The south because their agricultural economy was starting to slow down was losing political influence With technological advances our nation began to grow The norths industrial economy was thriving and provided the rest of the nation with jobs and manufactured goods With all of the changes happening disaster could be everted only so many times In 1829 Andrew Jackson took office as the President and his Vice President was John C Calhoun Calhoun was from South Carolina and South Carolina had a little problem with the tariff that were placed upon them They call this tariff the tariff of abomination To meet the challenge of his state Calhoun came up with nullification Nullification was created though the idea that the states made the government though the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution Nullification stated that the states had final say over the courts or Congress The idea was that if Congress passed a law or bill that didnt seem constitutional to the state then the state could nullify it or deny its existence As the controversy grew a debate broke out in the Senate in January 1830 First Senate Hayne tried to unite the south and west together saying that the north east was tyrannical The Senator Webster replied and in his reply attacked the issue of states rights versus national power Hayne then responded with a little help from Calhoun with a defense of nullification Webster now took two afternoons giving his speech and he ended it with Liberty and Union now and forever on and inseparable In saying this he stated that the states had no business in Constitutional matters Only one view hanged in the balance the Presidents The south thought that they had his side for sure seeing that he was a southerner His answer came bright and clear at the annual Democratic Party
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