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Word Count: 215
In US history the practice of giving appointive offices to loyal members of the party in power The name supposedly derived from a speech by Senator William Learned Marcy in which he stated to the victor belong the spoils On a national scale the spoils system was inaugurated with the development of two political parties the Federalists and the Democratic Republicans and was used by the earliest Presidents particularly Thomas Jefferson The system soon became entrenched in state politics and was practiced more extensively on a national scale during the administration of Andrew Jackson who declared 1829 that the federal government would be bettered by having civil servants rotate in office He replaced incumbent officeholders with members of his own party Nevertheless during Jacksons eight years in office not more than one fifth of officeholders were replaced The dispensation of offices by strict party allegiance was followed in succeeding years and critical opposition grew The corruption and inefficiency bred by the system reached staggering proportions in the administration of Ulysses S Grant and reaction against this helped bring about civil service reform which was inaugurated by creation of the Civil Service Commission in 1871 The spoils system has however continued for many federal offices and is even more prevalent in state and local governments
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