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The Spread of AIDS in Developing Countries In several developing countries IV drug use has been a main cause by which HIV is spread The governments of these countries have been resistant in acknowledging this problem and hesitant to implement strategies in order to limit the spread of this fatal disease One of the problems developing countries face in this area is a lack of information on drug use in these countries as well as the correlation between drug use and the transmission of HIV The information necessary to develop effective policies to prevent the spread of HIV is patterns and determinants of drug use as well as the factors which are causing the spread of the disease In over 50 developing countries IV drug use has been identified and the transmission of HIV through IV drug use has been reported in at least half of these countries Stimson 1996 Also contributing to the spread of the disease is the risky sexual behavior that is associated with IV drug use IV drug users are viewed as a group which partakes in risky behavior and then act as a bridge for the virus into the general population Des Jarlais 1992 Therefore in some of these developing countries members of this group include sexual partners and children of IV drug users This fact effects the governments decisions on prevention strategies how much needs to be spent and what needs to be taught to the people included in this risk group Spread of HIV The rate at which HIV is spread in developing countries varies Some countries have experienced very rapid increases in HIV infection among IV drug users in a short amount of time going from 0 percent to 50 percent in six months Stimson 1996This rapid transmission occurs for two reasons First there is a lack of education on HIV and how it is transmitted There is also a lack of
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