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Word Count: 729
In 1765 English Parliament instituted the Stamp Act the latest in a series of measures undertaken towards defraying the expenses of defending protecting and securing the British colonies and plantations in America It provided that revenue stamps be affixed to all newspapers broadsides pamphlets licenses leases or other legal documents the revenue collected by American customs agents to be used for defending protecting and securing the colonies The Stamp Act affected nearly all aspects of business and thus drew the ire of the most powerful and influential groups in America journalists lawyers clergymen and merchants but also that of the common man The Stamp Act called into question the sovereignty of England over the Colonies American leaders argued that no imperial Parliament existed their only legal relations were with the Crown It was the king who had agreed to establish colonies beyond the sea and the king who provided them with governments They argued that the king was equally a king of England and a king of the colonies but they insisted that the English Parliament had no more right to pass laws for the colonies than any colonial legislature had the right to pass laws for England The resisted the right of Parliament to pass an interior tax one that dealt with matters other than trade and shipping Englands justification for Parliaments passing the tax that the colonies were virtually represented in Parliament did not sit well with the independent minded colonists who wanted virtual representation On June 8 the Massachusetts Assembly invited all the colonies to appoint delegates to the so-called Stamp Act Congress in New York held in October 1765 to consider appeals for relief from the king and Parliament Twenty-seven representatives from nine colonies seized the opportunity to mobilize colonial opinion against parliamentary interference in American affairs After much debate the congress adopted a set of resolutions asserting that no taxes ever have been or can be
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