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Existentialism Objective vs Subjective Most philosophers like Greeces Plato have claimed that the highest ethical good is universal They believed in objective values or pre-determined moral codes The Nineteenth-century Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard reacted against this tradition claiming that the individuals highest good is to find his or her own purpose in life In terms of moral choice philosophers like Kierkegaard have argued that there is no objective or rational basis for decisions they stress the importance of individualism in deciding questions of morality and truth They also argued that lifes most important questions are not accessible to reason or science According to philosophers like Kierkegaard man is nothing else but his own conscious existence So it is up to the individual to choose what his or her meaning of life is All of these ideas are considered subjective They take place within ones own consciousness unaffected by outside or material forces On the contrary objective principles are actual ideals such as Christianity The religion establishes the moral codes and deciphers right vs wrong rather than the individual This distinction between subjective and objective values is the basis of the philosophical movement called existentialism This movement which was originated by Soren Kierkegaard and advocated by several other well-known philosophers such as Jean Paul Sarte Friedrich Nietzsche and Albert Camus challenges traditional notions of human existence It encompasses freedom of choice through which each human being creates his or her own nature Because individuals are free to choose their own path existentialists have argued that they must accept the risk and responsibility of their actions In the novel The Fall by Albert Camus Camus uses his Main Character Jean-Baptiste Clamence to reveal many existentialist ideas primarily the clash of objective and subjective values According to John F Kavanaugh the title of this monologue-novel refers to the fall of a Man or its narrator Jean-Baptiste Clamence Through his elongated confession he explains how he was once a
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