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On January 14 1896 at Englands Royal Photographic Society American-born photographer and inventor Birt Acres held a public screening of motion pictures hed made in 1895 using a camera hed designed with Robert William Paul based on the Edison Kinetoscope Acres films included Oxford-Cambridge Boat Race and Rough Sea At Dover The next month Frenchman Flicen Trewey the Lumire Brothers London representative gave Englands first film program to charge admission with short documentaries and glimpses of music-hall performers Later that year Acres made comedies and a drama The Arrest Of A Pickpocket but by 1900 returned to inventing Paul kept with film until 1910 mostly producing trick-photography shorts like those of Georges Mlis such as The Twins Tea Party 1897 In 1899 he built Englands first indoor film studio and made such imaginative fantasies as Voyage To The Arctic 1903 and The Motorist 1906 George Albert Smith who also produced Mlis-style comedies used innovations such as close-ups in Grandmas Reading Glass 1900 and color He patented the Kinemacolor process with American-born Charles Urban in 1906 which was used in his Kinemacolor Puzzle 1909 and Urbans The Durbar At Delhi 1911 In the early 1900s Scottish-born producerdirector James Williamson made accomplished dramas such as Attack On A Chinese Mission Station 1900 and Fire 1902 Music-hall comic Alf Collins became a skilled director in the editing and camerawork of such films as The Pickpocket 1903 Cecil Hepworth a former assistant to Acres produced the polished and highly popular Rescued By Rover 1905 directed by Lewin Fitzhamon in which he starred with his family and their dog William George Barker produced Englands first two-reeler in 1911 Henry VIII directed by Louis N Parker with stage actor Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree Scottish director Arthur Vivian followed with a three-reel Rob Roy In 1912 Hepworth produced the four-reel Oliver Twist directed by Thomas Bentley and Wilfred Loy directed the five-reel Lorna Doone the next year Barker produced a six-reel East
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