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The Support of James I, Bishop Bosuett, and Thomas Hobbes to the Idea of Absolutism and the Causes Which Led England to Constitutional Government
Word Count: 1,065
During the 17th century the leaders of France and England wanted absolute rule Both countries wanted absolutism in the form of a Monarchy with the king being the single ruler However France succeeded and obtained absolutism but England was forced into a more constitutional form of government where multiple political institutions ruled Both had forms of absolute Monarchies but other issues brought troubles for the English mostly Parliament Well see how political powers such as James I Bishop Bosuett and Thomas Hobbes supported the idea of absolutism Then we can see how Parliament and the Aristocracy led England to constitutional government James I gave several points why a single ruler the king deserved to have absolute power He believed that kings posses the same qualities that God does and they are direct descendants of God for kings are not only Gods Lieutenants upon earth and sit upon Gods throne but even by God himself they are called gods It even states in the scriptures that kings are called Gods James I believed that this alone should give kings the Divine Right and to dispute what God and the scriptures say is blasphemy Also for this reason kings should be considered above the law James I supported the previous statement with a good king though to be above the law will subject and fame his actions thereto for examples sake to his subjects True Law of Free Monarchies and a Speech to Parliament1598 in Marvin Perry Sources of Western Tradition From Scientific Revolution to Present V II Boston Houghton Mifflin 1995 20 So although he may be above the law his rulings are for the best of the people James I also suggested that because the king is the over-lord of the land he is therefore master over every person that inhabits his land and has power over the life and death of every one of his subjects James I also
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