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Word Count: 366
Measles are one of the most contagious diseases known to man Measles is an acute highly contagious viral capable of producing epidemics Since the introduction of the measles vaccination in 1963 the number of measles cases has decreased to about 100 cases has decreases to about 100 cases reported annually in the United States Measles are spread by respiratory droplets to small for the human eye These droplets are inhaled and the virus attaches to the lining of the airways and begins multiplying--causing the disease Although measles is usually considered a childhood disease it can be contracted at any age In recent years outbreaks have mainly involved high school and college students who are unvaccinated or have receive only one dose of measles vaccine Also by direct contact with nasal or throat secretions of infected people or less frequently by airborne transmission Measles causes symptoms about 10 days following exposure Symptoms include a fever as high as 105 degrees Fahrenheit red irritation eyes runny nose a lot of coughing sensitive to light and a bumpy rash which usually starts on the head or face and spreads to the trunk and arms Koplik spots little white spots may also appear on the gums and inside the cheeks Complications of measles infection such as inflammation of the brain middle ear infections and pneumonia cant also result in hospitalization and disability The death- rate among those who contract measles has risking recently in the United States from one in a 1000 cases to 32 in 1000 cases This higher death rate in people who contract measles seems to be due to infection of very young children and young adults who bare not been fully vaccinated The human body is continuously exposed to diseases producing organisms called pathogens if theses enter the body they must disrupt homeostasis and cause diseases Measles can only be prevented by vaccination against the virus the vaccine
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