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Word Count: 897
In life things are not always what they seem People may appear to be one way but turn out to be an entirely different The romantic-comedy The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare shows the deliberate use of deception by the characters Deception is a tool that is used for many purposes The purposes can be harmful protective or for personal gain In The Merchant of Venice Portia Jessica and Shylock are all characters who use deception to carry out their own motives Shylock the hated Jew makes his living through the practice of usury and uses deception when Antonio asks to borrow money from him Shylock agrees to lend Antonio three hundred ducats if Antonio is willing to sign a bond that would allow Shylock to have an equal pound of his fair fleshI iii 145-146 He expresses the bond in a merry sportI iii 141 and uses this bond to also show that he would be friends with Antonio and have his loveI iii 134 Though Shylocks description of the conditions in the bond makes it seem as if Shylock does not mean harm his intentions are to harm and humiliate Antonio Antonio says that he neither lends nor borrows by talking nor by giving of excessI iii 57-58 and is willing to do that for his dear friend Bassanio At first Antonio is not blinded Shylocks friendly pretence aware that Shylock is like a villain with a smiling face and a goodly apple rotten at the heartI iii 96-97 However in the end Antonio accepts the terms of the bond The cruel use of deception from Shylock is to help fulfill his intention of revenge against Antonio The deliberate use of cruelness in falsehood is also shown in Shylocks own daughter Jessica Jessica runs off with her Christian lover Lorenzo Jessica is ashamd to be her fathers childII iii 17 and describes that her house is hellII iii 2 Jessica
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