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In Athens between 429347 BC a trail took place against Socrates where Plato made a speech in front of a council of 500 members Plato wrote the Apology because Socrates was sentenced to death for dissuasion against state religion and corrupting young people In the beginning it seems like he is trying to split his accusers into two groups old and new to show that he has been accused many years of his life and the new accusers should be the only ones looked at because the old accusers did not appear in court He was also allowed to cross-examine his accusers and make his own defense Mack 502 Usually at that time in Athens the accusers say what they wanted the sentence to be and if it was death it was natural for the accused to ask to be banished However he refused to disobey laws and already said that he did not want to live in another foreign country Mack 499 Socrates focused mainly on themes of interest are ignorance death and sophistry Sophists were traveling teachers that sold their services to rich parents and promised to teach their kids important things that would help them advance in life They are defined as men of wisdom and that is exactly what Socrates tried to distinguish himself from Allen 39-40 It seems that sophists can make humans great because there was an example given by Socrates that said if your two sons were colts and calves we could get an overseer for them and hire them and he would be either a horse-trainer or a farmer Allen 40 Socrates denies the knowledge of having human excellence and claims to only have a certain type of wisdom and he never did charge for his services So overall Socrates identifies himself as an anti-sophist although some of his techniques are suggestive of otherwiseThe second most stressed theme would be the term ignorance Socrates frequently confesses that
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