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Balance of Power Theory As a theory balance of power predicts that rapid changes in international power and statusespecially attempts by one state to conquer a regionwill provoke counterbalancing actions For this reason the balancing process helps to maintain the stability of relations between states A balance of power system functions most effectively when alliances are fluid when they are easily formed or broken on the basis of expediency regardless of values religion history or form of government Occasionally a single state plays a balancer role shifting its support to oppose whatever state or alliance is strongest A weakness of the balance of power concept is the difficulty of measuring power Extract from Balance of Power Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2000 httpencartamsncom 1997-2000 Microsoft Corporation All rights reserved Behavioralism An approach to the study of politics or other social phenomena that focuses on the actions and interactions among units by using scientific methods of observation to include quantification of variables whenever possible A practitioner of behavioralism is often referred to as a behavioralist Behaviorism refers to the ideas held by those behavioral scientists who consider only observed behavior as relevant to the scientific enterprise and who reject what they consider to be metaphysical notions of mind or consciousness Viotti P and M Kauppi eds 1987 International Relations Theory Macmillan Publishing Company New York Collective Defence Though the term existed before 1949 a common understanding of collective defence with regards to NATO can be found in Article V of the North Atlantic Treaty The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them shall be considered an attack against them all and consequently they agree that if such an armed attack occurs each of them in exercise of the right of individual or collective self-defence recognised by Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations will assist the Party or Parties so attacked by taking forthwith individually and in concert with the
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