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The Thirty Years War was a series of European conflicts that lasted from 1618 to 1648 The battles were mainly fought in Germany The struggle was initially based on the religious conflicts among Germans by the Protestant Reformation but it was later influenced by other issues including dynastic rivalries There were four periods in the war which include the Bavarian Period Danish Period Swedish Period and the French Period Conflict began when on May 23 1618 The Protestants in Prague threw two of Bohemian King Ferdinand IIs ministers out a window This act was known as the Defenestration of Prague Ferdinand II was a good-natured man not a great man but he possessed more virtues than most kings did He was both a devoted husband and father and a conscientious ruler interested in the welfare of his people It was said with exaggeration no doubt that when he was Duke of Styria he knew the names of all his subjects and that he provided free legal service for the poorer ones Above all else however he was a Habsburg he was dedicated to re- storing the authority of the emperor in the Empire and of re-establishing Catholicism in central Europe The spark that set off the Thirty Years War came in 1618 when the Archbishop of Prague ordered a Protestant church destroyed The Protestants rose up in revolt but within two years the rebellion was stamped out by the Habsburg general Count of Tilly Thus began the first period of the thirty years war the Bavarian period The Bavarian Period or the Palatine-Bohemian Period of the war began with the battle of Pilsen Going against their Catholic king the Bohemian Protestants decided to call in outside help from Ferdinand of Austria This is when the struggle began An army of 20000 men crossed the Bohemian border and marched on Pilsen a Catholic stronghold 52 miles southwest of Prague The army was under the
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