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Changes in Sate rights During Reconstruction Era The issue of states rights is one that has been quarreled over since the birth of the United States In 1787 debates arose on whether to ratify the Constitution which would create a more supreme federal government or to keep the Articles of Confederation in which states had many more rights and powers Batchelor 7-14 Shortly after the Constitution was ratified Kentucky and Virginia wanted to nullify a federal law that they didnt agree with but the Supreme Court established that the right to nullify a law didnt rest with the states 22-24 From 1819 to 1854 slavery as a states right was profoundly argued when deciding if the new states that entered the Union were to be slave states or free states 27-32 Tensions mounted between the North and the South and after the election of 1860 the Civil War broke out 36 The South thought that the states had the right to secede from the US but after they lost the war they were proven wrong 38 After the Civil War the South faced devastating losses Hakim 12 Reconstruction the period of time in which the people of the South tried to reorganize and rebuild the region began in 1865 14 In order to restore the Union and to resolve all problems that had still existed Congress passed laws acts and proposed amendments Many of these pertained to slavery and states rights The Thirteenth Amendment outlawed slavery and the Civil Rights Act of 1866 firmly established equal rights for all The Fourteenth Amendment enforced the Civil Rights Act even more by granting citizenship to blacks Roberts and Franklin 267 Furthermore the Fifteenth Amendment guaranteed black suffrage Roberts and Franklin 268 All of these amendments limited the rights of the states and are evidence of the battle between federal supremacy and states rights This battle for power within the government during the Reconstruction greatly
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