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The June Newsletter about Sir Harry Johnston precipitated a number of communications concerning my comments about Sir Harrys relations with Cecil Rhodes and most particularly the Rhodes agents land grab Comments ranged from The land acquisitions were fair and equitable to Rhodes and his agents and in fact all of the early Nyasaland and Central African settlers were extremely fair in their land arrangements with the natives In a word these comments are patently absurd The Treaties Negotiated Between the African Lakes Company Limited and the Nyasaland Chiefs concluded the first stage of the settler land swindle and clearly speak for themselves These 23 separate treaties were negotiated between 21 April 1885 and 24 August 1885 by an African Lakes team led by John W Moir and his traveling witnesses William Harkness and Alexander Carnegie Ross Together they journeyed from the Lower Shire Valley beginning 21 April and slowly northward to Karonga arriving 16 July carefully selecting and acquiring the finest most fertile mineral laden and commercially accessible land possible before working their way south again to pick up holdings that they may have missed such as Chiradzulu Ndirande and Soche Along the way they even traveled to Likoma and Chisamula Islands arriving there on 30 July 1885 The so-called treaties were farcical The following is the verbatim text of Treaty Number 1 negotiated on 21 April 1885 with Chief Ramakukan of the Makololo Judge for yourself TRANSLATION OF TREATY NO 1 JOHN W MOIR - called here Mandala - Manager of the African Lakes Company Limited and Ramakukan head chief of the Makololo We have met together on the 21st day of the month of April 1885 on board the steamer Lady Nyassa at Tsape on the River Shire that we may discuss those things of mutual benefit Having considered well we have finished what we have arranged written here as follows- First - Ramakukan declares he desires the
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