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The word humanism has a number of meanings and because there are so many different meanings it can be quite confusing if you dont know what kind of humanism someone is talking about Literary Humanism is a devotion to the humanities or literary culture Renaissance Humanism is the spirit of learning that developed at the end of the middle ages with the revival of classical letters and a renewed confidence in the ability of human beings to determine for themselves truth and falsehood Cultural Humanism is the rational and empirical tradition that originated largely in ancient Greece and Rome evolved through out European history and now constitutes a basic part of the Western approach to science political theory ethics and law Philosophical Humanism is any outlook or way of life centered on human need and interest Sub categories of this type include the two following Christian Humanism is defined by Websters Third New International Dictionary as a philosophy advocating the self fulfillment of man within the framework of Christian principles This more human oriented faith is largely a product of the Renaissance and is a part of what made up Renaissance humanism Modern Humanism also called Naturalistic Humanism Scien- tific Humanism Ethical Humanism and Democratic Humanism is defined by one of its leading proponents Corollas Lamont as a naturalistic philosophy that rejects all supernaturalism and relies primarily upon reason and science democracy and human compassion Modern Humanism has a dual origin both secular and religious and these constitute its sub categories Secular Humanism is an outgrowth of 18th century enlightenment rationalism and 19th century freethought Many secular groups such as the Council for Democratic and Secular Humanism and the American Rationalist Federation and many otherwise unaffiliated academic philosophers and scientists advocate this philosophy Religious Humanism emerged out of Ethical Culture Unitarianism and Universalism Today many Unitarian- Universalist congregations and all Ethical Culture societies describe themselves as
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