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The United Nations development program is a program aimed and geared towards helping developing nations towards real development Obviously development cant by any means take place without the presence of gender equality In United Nations development program has developed two methods in order to measure both womens development as well as womens empowerment The two conceptual indexes that measure womens development and their empowerment are the GDI and the GEM indexes I do not believe that these indexes are accurate because they operate under a system of classification developed by the UNDP of levels subjective to only high medium and low human development unfairly this resulted in extremely low measures for Arab countries Primarily we must acknowledge that women should be expected to equally participate in the development process and to reciprocate the obvious benefits that come from this development The real problem however is that the development policies have never offered an equal opportunity and equal benefits to women The majority of policies neglect gender relations from either the planning implementation monitoring or even evaluation of the projects based on this many developmental have failed Even though the focus of this paper is on women both gender based indexes measure the development and empowerment of both men and women hence a gender based index not a female based index In essence the Gender development index is a measure for the achievement of both women and men in three important dimensions life expectancy educational attainment and adjusted real income after taking note of inequality between women and men In essence the GDI is the HDI Human development index however taking into consideration gender inequalities On another end the Gender empowerment index is one that focuses on three variables that reflect womens participation in political decision-making access to professional opportunities and earning power A lot of Arab countries objected to this since these sub indexes are extremely low in Arab countries and do not substantially translate
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