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United States Attack And Ballistic Nuclear Submarines The United States Navy has developed over the years into one of the worlds most powerful forces The nuclear submarine is one of the major components responsible for achieving this status The nuclear submarine has evolved over time in design construction and weapons to become the most feared deterrence force ever Tom Clancy a well-known author and naval expert describes nuclear attack submarines SSNs in an excellent fashion by commenting The modern SSN is a stealth platform with 70 percent of the worlds surface under which to hide Its endurance determined not by fuel but by the amount of food that may be crammed into the hull and its operational limitations determined more by the skill of the commander and crew than by external factors The idea of nuclear energy to power navy submarines came from an improbable origin a United States naval officer named Hyman G Rickover After World War II Rickover was transferred to the engineering department of the United States Navy While there he was responsible for envisioning the idea of placing small nuclear reactors in submarines and surface ships With these reactors vessels could travel great distances without having to replenish the their fuel supply Most importantly for submarines it would now allow them to stay submerged for longer periods of times instead of having to come to the surface to give air to then diesel engines In the early 1950s a contract was signed for the production of the first nuclear submarine in the world The boat was to be named the USS Nautilus SSN-571 and built by Electric Boat Division of General Dynamics The nuclear reactor in the Nautilus generated steam for the turbines as a result of pressurized water This development was far more promising than the now Admiral Rickover and the Navy had ever dreamed When the boat was launched in 1954 it passed both performance and
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