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According to the recent data 10 to 30 of Americans experience some form of anxiety disorders during their lifetime Meyer and Quenzer 2013 Anxiety disorders are characterized by intense fear or nervousness which affects not just ones behavior but also sociological interactions Although stress and fear can be important because it alarms us on imminent danger and physiologically prepares our body for fight-or-flight response once it becomes chronic and it interferes with our daily activities then it is characterized as a psychological disorder Neurologists believe that amygdala plays an important role in this abnormal process because it is this part of the brain that handles emotions such as fear and anger The major groups that are commonly prescribed medications to alleviate anxiety disorders are barbiturates and benzodiazepines BDZ which are known as anxiolytic drugs They both function to enhance the effect of the neurotransmitter GABA This neurotransmitter inhibits the activity of neurons by binding to GABA-A receptors and increasing the influx of chloride Cl- ions resulting in hyperpolarization The main focus of this paper will be on benzodiazepines especially evaluating the effectiveness of the drug called Lorazepam Ativan As mentioned earlier Lorazepam is an anxiolytic drug which produces calming effect by activating GABAergic neurons Martin et al 2007 Unlike other types of benzodiazepines Lorazepam has a short half-life which means that it is converted to its inactive metabolites in a short amount of time and does not stay in the system for prolonged period Indications for this medication include anxiety disorder oral sedation decrease preoperative anxiety and provide amnesia Deglin et al 2009 Some of the side effects or adverse reactions of this drug are dizziness drowsiness headache ataxia hypotension bradycardia etc Deglin et al 2009 Also pregnant and lactating mothers are advised not to use this medication because it may have an effect on the baby Deglin et al 2009 There are several advantages in
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